Forensic use of actuarial risk assessment with sex offenders in Kingston

The clinical prediction of violent behavior. Copeland, R. Loranger, A. Several states have passed civil commitment laws that allow the precautionary detention of sex offenders who have completed their criminal sentences.

Psychological Assessment13 1—

Actuarial prediction was more accurate than clinical prediction in approximately one-third to half of the studies. You may be able to access this content by logging in via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.

This process, therefore, involves the formal application of a predetermined set of explicit and formulaic decision rules to make a decision about the likelihood of violence. Has PDF. Both have promise, and both have limitations. More Filters. The SPJ model does not provide estimated numerical probability levels of future vio-lence for the individual case, because it is assumed that it is not actually possible to do so given the problems with lack of stability of such procedures, as reviewed above.

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Please note you do not have access to teaching notes. Depending on jurisdiction in the United States, psychologists and other mental health professionals have common law and ethical duties to protect third parties from the violence posed by their patients. Other factors leading to low or at least inconsistent accuracy include susceptibility to decisional biases and heuristics, failure to consider base rate information, failure to integrate situational information, and a lack of specificity forensic use of actuarial risk assessment with sex offenders in Kingston the criterion variable.

Because actuarial procedures use explicit rules for combining risk factors, they yield the same decision regardless of who uses them high interrater reliabilityand given the presence of the same risk factors across cases, they yield the same outcome.

Many actuarial prediction techniques are statistically optimized because they weigh variables according to their relationship with violence. You may be able to access teaching notes by logging in via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account. If you think you should have access to this content, click the button to contact our support team.

  • The assessment of risk of recidivism in sexual offenders is fundamental to clinical practice. It is widely accepted that, compared with actuarial measures of risk, unaided clinical judgment has generally been found to be of low reliability.
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Correspondence to Holly A. Behavioral Assessment , 3 , — Raine, A. Loranger, A.

Forensic use of actuarial risk assessment with sex offenders in Kingston

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